The eyes are the windows to the soul, the lamps of the body, and we are their custodians.

The ophthalmology department deals with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the eyes, their cavities, and their associated tissues. It is a practice that dates back to before 800BC when the Indian surgeon Sushruta wrote the revered medical textbook Sushruta Samhita, in which he described more than 70 ocular diseases and their remedies, both surgical and non-surgical. The practice has evolved since then, with a better understanding of the anatomy of the eye and the introduction of advanced technology into treatment techniques.

What to expect from Ophthalmologists

The eyes are delicate and complex in both their anatomy and physiology. Trained specialists are adept at the different facets of ophthalmology, both surgical and non-surgical. This includes treatment of diseases that affect the eyes and the orbit, including surgical procedures to correct defects and laser therapy when it is needed.

Eye surgery and even non-surgical procedures are extremely delicate in its nature because the eyes are very sensitive.Our physicians are trained to provide the utmost care while giving patients a new lease of life.

Generally, Ophthalmologists are entrusted with the following:

  • General eye care for patients
  • Evidence-based treatment options for eye problems and pathologies
  • Routine eye testing and awareness
  • Correcting eye defects non-surgically, with corrective therapy, contact lenses, glasses and other prosthetics


Ophthalmologists are trained in basic medical education (Medical Doctor or Osteopathic Doctor, or DO), after which they get an additional postgraduate education to specialize as ophthalmologists. This gives them the legal and medical right to prescribe corrective glasses and other eye equipment, perform eye surgery, and prescribe medication for people with compromised sight.

Ophthalmologists can specialize in one of the many fields of ophthalmology with additional training and board certification. This includes (but is not limited to):

  • corneal ophthalmology
  • neuro-ophthalmology
  • vision rehabilitation
  • oculoplastics
  • glaucoma
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Types of Ophthalmology

The department of ophthalmology has specialists and doctors who have trained in different fields of ophthalmology. These professionals offer services that include:

  • Retinal ophthalmology: This subspecialty deals with the treatment of the retina, including retinal eye surgery and laser treatment
  • Cornea and glaucoma: This subspecialty deals with the diseases of the cornea, conjunctiva, sclera, and eyelids. Glaucoma specialists focus on treating glaucoma and disorders that increase intraocular pressure or damage the optic nerve to cause ophthalmic disorders. I
  • Pediatric ophthalmology: This subspecialty deals with corrective procedures for conditions like strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) and other congenital disorders of the eyethat affect children
  • Anterior segment surgery: Treatment that focuses on the anterior segment or the front one-third of the eyes, and includes the structures in front of the vitreous humor, the cornea, the iris, ciliary body and the lens.
  • Posterior segment surgery: Treatment that focuses on the posterior segment or the “back” of the eyes, and makes up to two-thirds of the eyes. It includes the vitreous humor, retina, choroid and optic nerve.
  • Medical retina: This subspecialty deals with non-surgical treatment of problems with the retina. It could also be under the purview of the general ophthalmologist
  • General ophthalmology: This subspecialty deals with general surgery like cataracts and other general surgical and non-surgical eye treatments

We’re Minimally Invasive at Saint Camillus Medical Center

Often times, surgery will be a last resort for any musculoskeletal issues after medication and physical therapy has been previously tried to treat your issue. Should you require surgery, the surgeons at Saint Camillus Medical Center focus primarily on minimally invasive surgery and techniques to help treat your injuries and manage your pain while providing for the best possible outcome for your case. Minimally invasive procedures can help reduce pain and allow for a quicker recovery time. Orthopedic surgeons can also perform a variety of arthroscopic procedures, which allow them to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside of a joint. Additionally, our doctors at Saint Camillus Medical Center can help manage your entire care from advice about pain management including medication and/or injections, rehabilitation and physical therapy including a potential time frame, and ongoing orthopedic care and treatment.