About Vascular Surgery
This is a specialty that deals with comprehensive management and diagnosis of vascular disorders in the arterial, venous, lymphatic systems. Your blood vessels –arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood and veins carrying blood back to the heart — are the roadways of your circulatory system. Without smoothly flowing blood, your body cannot function. Vascular surgeons are specialists that are trained to treat diseases of the vascular system including through surgery, open, complicated and minimally invasive endovascular procedures. Vascular surgeons treat different life-threatening diseases that are associated with vascular disorders like aneurisms, varicose and many others. These specialists are also able to use their expertise to manage patients with chronic conditions throughout their lifetime.
What Is Vascular Surgery?
When a defect or disorder requires surgery, endovascular surgery is often employed using minimally invasive techniques. Vascular surgery employs an interventional approach to provide treatments like angioplasty which is characterized by widening of obstructed or narrow arteries. In the case of angioplasty, a tiny and empty balloon is inserted into the narrowed blood vessel, the balloon is then inflated with the use of water pressure to allow the blood flow in the affected vessel return to normal. Stents insertion is also a process of vascular surgery, in which a stent (a tiny metal cylinder) is inserted to make sure that the blood vessel stays open. The end goal of these techniques is to make sure that there is a normal rate of blood flow in the body.
Endovascular surgery typically involves minimal recovery periods both in and outside the hospital environment which makes it preferable to open surgery. Other benefits including reduced pain, little to no scars at all and reduced mortality rates have been recorded with this type of surgery. If the disease is extensive, open surgery is typically employed in the removal of blockage from blood vessels.
Vascular Surgery can also be used to treat arteries with defects, including atherosclerosis. Vascular surgery can also be used in the prevention of diseases that involve heart problems, blood clots in the arteries that leads to stroke, it can also help to improve or get rid hypertension, aneurysms and help save legs that would have been amputated.
The Need for Vascular Surgery
A vascular surgeon makes sure patients with vascular health issues know and understand all their options. Vascular surgery is an option when a patient is plagued with disorders of the vascular system that cannot be treated without a surgical procedure or less invasive mechanism. The need for vascular surgery is more pronounced when disorders like arteriosclerosis are present, clotted blood in the arteries and any other diseases or injuries to the arteries.
Vascular surgery is also employed when diseases or injuries that are venous is detected in a patient. Some of these vascular diseases choose what/where to affect e.g. the vein or the arteries while other diseases affect both the veins and arteries at the same time. Age is often a main determining factor of vascular disorders because these disorders are typically rampant in the elderly. Vascular disorders and diseases rarely causes symptoms in the early life stages. Patients with a vascular disorder are usually unaware they have one because symptoms don’t show up until later life stages, and when these symptoms do arise they may mostly require vascular surgery to correct.