Common Gynecological Conditions
Serious health issues in women can be disruptive both physically as well as emotionally. They can really affect a woman’s quality of life. Conditions such as fibroids, adenomyosis, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and more often require surgery for correction.
This can be stressful because the simple mention of surgery is usually associated with blood loss, prolonged hospital stays, a lot of pain and a lot of medication and some recovery time. However, numerous medical innovations and advances in technology, surgical technique and the field of gynecology have allowed for more surgical treatments and procedures to be minimally invasive.
What is minimally invasive surgery? Minimally invasive surgery, just as its name implies, is a type of surgery in which the surgeon uses smaller cuts and incisions. In minimally invasive surgery, techniques such as endoscopy are typically employed to view their field of operation.
There are benefits to minimally invasive procedures including:
- Reducing the amount of time you spend in the hospital
- Smaller incisions, which will allow for quicker healing and fewer complications
- Less pain
- Shorter hospital stays
- Quicker return to normal daily activities and lifestyles
Types of Minimally Invasive Surgeries at Saint Camillus Medical Center
Pelvic Reconstruction/Repair of Pelvic Support Defects
As a women ages and approaches menopause, it may be necessary to receive treatment for pelvic support. Pelvic organ prolapse is a disorder in which one or more of the pelvic organs drops from their normal position. After considering and trying nonsurgical treatment options, a surgical treatment may be recommended. These procedures are performed to aid in repairs caused by conditions that result in urinary incontinence or prolapse of the bladder. They include procedures like colporrhaphy, sacrocolpopexy and direct fix repairs.
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus or womb. While most are done through open surgery, there are laparoscopic techniques as well. Laparoscopy involves the use of an endoscope to reach internal organs through very small incisions. A surgeon usually makes a small incision through which they insert a thin, flexible tube with a video camera. The tube has a channel to utilize tiny surgical instruments, which the surgeon uses while viewing the organs on a computer monitor. During the surgery the whole uterus is usually removed, your doctor may also remove your fallopian tube and ovaries. After a hysterectomy, you will no longer have menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.
There are different types of laparoscopies that can be performed depending on the presenting condition of the patient. They include supra-cervical hysterectomy, total hysterectomy, and vaginal hysterectomy. With the exception of the latter, the former two can be performed as outpatient procedures.
Additional Gynecologic & Obstetrical Procedures
There are other minimally invasive surgeries that use laparoscopic technology as well. For instance, the removal of fibroids, a procedure known as myomectomy. Women who have problems with heavy periods or even infertility may also undergo procedures like hysterosalpingography to identify the underlying causes of their conditions. Most of these procedures are performed at the outpatient as well.